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    Search for an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using a magnetic force microscope

    作者: 来源: 发布时间:2021年09月13日 14:15 点击次数:[]

    Search for an exotic parity-odd spin- and velocity-dependent interaction using a magnetic force microscope

    Xiaofang Ren, Jianbo Wang, Rui Luo ,Lichang Yin, Jihua Ding,Ge Zeng,and  Pengshun Luo

     

    Abstract:Exotic spin-dependent interactions may be generated by exchanging hypothetical bosons that have been proposed to solve some mysteries in physics by theories beyond the standard model of particle physics. The search for such interactions can be conducted by tabletop scale experiments using high precision measurement techniques. Here we report an experiment to explore the parity-odd interaction between moving polarized electrons and unpolarized nucleons using a magnetic force microscope. The polarized electrons are provided by the magnetic tip at the end of a silicon cantilever, and their polarizations are approximately magnetized in the plane of the magnetic coating on the tip. A periodic structure with alternative gold and silicon dioxide stripes provides unpolarized nucleons with periodic number density modulation. The exotic forces are expected to change the oscillation amplitude of the cantilever which is measured by a fiber laser interferometer. Data has been taken by scanning the tip over the nucleon source structure at constant separation, and no exotic signal related to the density modulation has been observed. Thus, the experiment sets a limit on the electron-nucleon coupling constant, for 15 μm ≤ λ ≤ 180 μm, using a direct force measurement method.

    期刊名:Physical Review D

    /卷: Volume 104, Issue 3

    页码:032008-1 ~ 032008-9

    发表时间:23 August 2021

    DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.104.032008

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